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Cultivars: a plant bred through selective breeding (cloning or hybridization) to enhance certain characteristics, for example color. 

Ephemeral: a plant that grows, flowers and goes dormant in a part of a season. In our garden that season is spring.

Nativar: a variety selected from a native species and cultivated for a specific quality, or cross pollinated by a different plant, often a non-native.  

Native Plant: found naturally in an area prior to European settlement of this country. (usually considered to be 1850). It has developed in a particular eco-system in which it has adapted to the soil, water, and climate therefore requiring less care and fewer resources.

Perennial: a plant that lives more than 2-3 years, returning each spring. We plant only perennials in our garden. 

Pollen: a soft, powdery male fertilizing agent, usually yellow

Pollination: the transfer of pollen to another flower or plant to allow fertilization

Rain Garden: a depressed area designed to temporarily hold and soak in rainwater run- off, optimally planted with native plants. 

Straight Species: a native plant not cloned or hybridized.


Click on the name of each resource to navigate to each organization’s website.

Minnesota State Horticultural Society

University of Minnesota

Wild Ones Twin Cities Minnesota